Views: 0 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2023-09-15 Origin: Site
Detailed explanation of the working principle, advantages and disadvantages of organic solar cells
Organic solar cells are solar cells made from organic materials such as dyes or conjugated polymers, Able to convert sunlight into electrical energy, It has high stability and preparation flexibility.
The working principle of organic solar cells is, After absorbing sunlight, Photons excite and separate charges, Charge carriers are formed. In organic solar cells, Conjugated polymers are usually used as charge transport materials, where cations or oxides with low ionization potential act as electron acceptors, The charge transfer between the conjugate group and the electron acceptor constitutes the process of charge separation and transport, This is a determining factor in the performance of organic solar cells.
Compared with traditional silicon solar cells, organic solar cells have the characteristics of low preparation cost, good flexibility and adjustable color, Specifically, Its main advantages are:
Low preparation cost: Compared to silicon solar cells, Organic solar cells are cheaper to manufacture, and the preparation process is simple, Simple preparation methods such as printing can be used.
2.Good flexibility: Since organic solar cells use flexible organic substances and substrates, Therefore it has higher bending and thinness, Flexible solar cells can be made into various forms.
3.Color adjustable: Organic solar cells are manufactured using organic materials such as dyes or conjugated polymers, to by replacing the types and proportions of materials, Enable tunability of solar cell color range.
Organic solar cells also have some disadvantages, mainly include:
1.low efficiency: Current conversion efficiencies of organic solar cells are lower than those of crystalline silicon solar cells.
2.Poor stability: Organic matter itself is relatively susceptible to factors such as light, oxygen, moisture, etc. Therefore, organic solar cells have poor stability, Hardly suitable for long-term stable operation requirements.
3.Short life: Due to the relatively short life of organic solar cell materials, Stable output of solar cells over a long period of time cannot be guaranteed.
At present, Organic solar cell technology is still under continuous research and development, Its advantages in flexibility, low cost, and adjustable color still have great prospects and potential.